Nausea & Vomiting
Time to see a doctor
It is important to control nausea and vomiting as early as possible to prevent severe dehydration. If you experience nausea and vomiting, our healthcare providers are able to help to prescribe medication to soothe the symptoms such as anti-nausea medications. For safety reasons, we do NOT treat diarrhea or severe nausea and/or vomiting.
Nausea is the feeling you get when you think you might throw up. Vomiting is when you actually throw up. These 2 symptoms can happen together. But sometimes people feel nauseous without throwing up, and some people throw up without feeling nauseous first.
The most common causes include:
- Food poisoning – This can happen if you eat food that has gone bad. It is basically an infection in your stomach. Infections like these often also cause diarrhea. Other kinds of infections that affect the stomach or intestines can also cause nausea and vomiting.
- Dizziness or motion sickness – This can happen if you’re on a boat or in a car, or something else that moves. It can also happen if there’s something wrong inside your ears that affects your balance.
- Medicines – Lots of different medicines can cause nausea or vomiting. Some examples are antidepressants, antibiotics, vitamins, birth control pills, and pain medicines. People who are on chemotherapy for cancer treatment or who have been under anesthesia also often have nausea or vomiting. Sometimes, people who use cannabis (marijuana) over a long time have repeated episodes of vomiting.
- Pregnancy – Many women who are pregnant have nausea or vomiting. People sometimes call this “morning sickness,” but it can happen at any time of day.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) – GERD is a condition that causes the juices that are in the stomach to leak back up into the esophagus, the tube that connects the throat to the stomach. It can sometimes cause nausea.
- Problems with the stomach or intestines – In some people, the stomach or intestines do not move food along the way that they are supposed to. In others, the intestines can get blocked. Both of these problems can cause nausea or vomiting.
- Migraine headaches – Some people who get migraine headaches have nausea during their headaches.
- Alcohol – Drinking too much alcohol can cause nausea and vomiting.